11.0 adverb morphology (bethfennar ishenarveth)
The class known as Adverbs represents a heterogeneous group of words whose most frequent function is to specify the mode of action of the verb.
11.1 adverb classes
Adverbs are identified with an adverbial suffix that defines the semantics of the relationship with the predicates that they modify.
11.1.1 adverbs of manner
alîel errincenel marlisme életh She danced beautifully aliel errincenel marlis -me eleth. :ADVMAN . she dance beautiful how? did .
11.1.2 adverbs of place
erhenel omadhe I looked everywhere. (ner) erhenel omad -de . :PLACE. (I ) look everyplace where?.
The Spatial Deictic Demonstrative Determiners are used to form locative adverbials.
11.1.3 adverbs of time
alan életh an alîelin orgûenon valme adhille Afterwards he apoligized to her alan eleth an alielin orgûenon valme adhil -le . :TIME . he did to her apologize aftertime when?.
NOTE: The adverbial phrase orgûenon valme. These formation act as compound verbs in ámman îar and are covered below under Adverbials.
The Temporal Deictic Demonstrative Determiners are used to form locative adjectives.
11.1.4 adverbs of frequency
i galdránne életh ini lóndas vornîon ervarisel oromthilîen Galdor has never been to Port Voron. i galdranne eleth ini londas vornion. Galdor did Port Voron . ervarisel oromthil -ien . :FREQ . go notime how often?.
11.1.5 adverbs of degree
ciröinar errutharth limîe Wizards anger quickly. ciroinar errutharth lim -ie . :DEG. Wizards anger quickly .
11.2 adverbial degree
Adverbs may be qualified by one of four degree particles which immediately precede the adverb.
Note that these are similar to the particles that specify adjective degree, but in the case of adverbs they precede rather than follow the adverb.
i gáldran ervathel orlimîe életh Galdor ate slowly i galdran ervathel 0 orlimie. POS: . Galdor eat slowly .
i gáldran ervathel nethnar emos orlimîe életh Galdor ate as slowly as a child. i galdran ervathel nethnar emos orlimie. EQ . Galdor eat child as slowly .
i gáldran ervathel nethnar emol orlimîe életh Galdor ate more slowly than a child. i galdran ervathel nethnar emon orlimie . COMP . Galdor eat child more slowly than .
i gáldran ervathel oma emon orlimîe életh Galdor ate more slowly than a child. i galdran ervathel oma emon orlimie. SUPER . Galdor eat all most slowly .
11.3 sentential adverbs
Sentential adverbs : modify or enhance the entire proposition (Anyway,...;Slowly,...;Carefully,...; In the first place,...;)
Disjuncts: which reveal the speaker's evaluation of the propositions or implications of the rest of the sentence. (Hopefully,...; Gleefully,...; Naturally,...,Of course....)]
11.5 degree modifiers
Adverbs may be qualified by a degree modifier like very, fairly, too, so, or rather